Though Illinois was admitted
to the Union as a free state, slavery
continued for several years.
And to top it off, Illinois’ first
governor was a slaveholder.
Born in Maryland in 1773,
Shadrach Bond and his uncle
(also named Shadrach Bond,
but usually called Judge Bond
or Shadrach Senior) arrived in
Illinois when it was still part of
the Indiana Territory. On his uncle’s
advice, Bond acquired land
to farm in the New Design community
(located in what is now
Monroe County). He would
serve in the Indiana legislature
and as a justice of the peace.