A hot summer in Philadelphia

    Greetings from the Ridge.
    The summer of 1787 was an especially hot one in Philadelphia, so perhaps the delegates of the first Constitutional Convention can be excused for missing a few things. In fact, the situation was confusing from the outset. The delegates thought they were meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation, but a few radicals like Alexander Hamilton and James Madison had come up with a scheme to create a whole new form of government instead of just tweaking the present system. The result was our constitution, pretty much in the form we have today. Some of the major matters of conflict centered around whether we should have three presidents or one, how to elect the Senate, what to do about slavery, how long the president’s term should be, and how he could be impeached. The delegates met for four months, slapped their seal of approval on the new document, and sent it out to the various states in hopes they’d get the thing ratified.

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    Martin Luther writes in his treatise, The Freedom of a Christian, “I shall set down the following two propositions concerning the freedom and the bondage of the spirit: